Amended 1978, 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996, 2003
For a summary of the Act visit:
Reasons Bill Initiated
* Medical recognition of Battered Child Syndrome in 1961, as well as findings from medical reports, brought public attention to the problem of child abuse.
* One of every ten children brought to hospital emergency rooms were victims of physical abuse.
* A large majority of these cases went unreported.
* Federal government was urged to take interest in the welfare of abused and neglected children.
* States had developed reporting laws and responses to reports, without a lot of uniformity.
* To increase identification, reporting, and investigation of child maltreatment, thereby protecting children from harm.
* To monitor research and compile and publish materials for persons working in the field.
Services Provided/Measures Taken
* Provided assistance to States to develop child abuse and neglect identification and prevention programs.
* Placed moral weight of Federal government behind professional intervention with troubled families.
* Enhanced the Federal government's role to be proactive in detection, prevention, and treatment of child abuse.
* Authorized limited government research into child abuse prevention and treatment.
* Created the National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect (NCCAN) within the Department of Health and Human Services to:
- Administer grant programs.
- Identify issues and areas needing special focus for new research and demonstration project activities.
- Serve as the focal point for the collection of information, improvement of programs, dissemination of materials, and information on best practices to States and localities.
* Created the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information.
* Established Basic State Grants and Demonstration Grants for training of personnel and to support innovative programs aimed at preventing and treating child maltreatment.
Credits: National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect Information
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